Mexico is a presidential democratic republic with a congressional system of government. This means that the president of this medical tourism destination acts as both head of state and head of government. The federal government is also known as the Supreme Power of the Federation and is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches. All these branches are independent, and no two branches can be entrusted to a single body or person.¬†
The country‚Äôs parliament is called the Congress of the Union. This body comprises the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is entrusted with foreign policy matters, including international agreements. It consists of 128 representatives who are elected every 6 years.¬† The Chamber of Deputies is concerned with public expenditure and budget matters. This body consists of 500 representatives who are elected in free elections that take place every 3 years.¬†
All executive power is vested in the president of Mexico, who is elected for a 6 year term. There is no possibility of re-election for the president. There is also no vice president‚Äôs post in this medical tourism center. In case the president is incapacitated, the Congress of the Union acts as an Electoral College and elects an interim president. ¬†
The Mexican judiciary includes 11 judges who make up the Supreme Court of Justice, the Electoral Tribunal, Council of the Federal Judiciary, as well as Collegiate, Unitary, and District Tribunals. The Supreme Court judges are appointed for a term of 15 years. ¬†
Prominent political parties in this medical tourism center include the Institutional Revolutionary Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution, Convergence Party, and Labor Party. For much of the 20th century, the Institutional Revolutionary Party was the predominant political party, but its power began to decline in the late 1980s.