Vertical gastrectomy, also known as a vertical sleeve gastrectomy, is a type of healthcare procedure that is used to decrease morbid obesity.Â It is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a major part of the stomach, thereby reducing the quantity of food one can eat.Â The stomach is a part of the digestive system that runs from the esophagus to the small intestine.Â After a large part of the stomach is removed, a much smaller portion of the stomach remains. Â
Who Needs Vertical Gastrectomy?
Obese people who have tried and exhausted all other non-surgical healthcare methods of weight loss (like diet, exercise, and medication) can opt for a vertical sleeve gastrectomy.Â A vertical gastrectomy is suggested to people with a body mass index higher than 50.Â This particular healthcare procedure is often recommended over more conventional treatments like a gastric bypass or duodenal switch, since it doesnâ€™t usually lead to mal-absorption, infection, and disease.Â However, vertical sleeve gastrectomy surgery does involve certain risks and any patient considering this operation should first consult his or her healthcare provider before undergoing this particular procedure. Â
The Vertical Gastrectomy Procedure
The stomach is reduced in size by removing part of it vertically.Â The remaining stomach is reshaped into a banana-like organ that can hold anywhere from 2-6 ounces.Â All of the normal functions of the stomach remain the same, although grehlin production (the hormone responsible for hunger) is usually reduced.