What is Nephrolithotomy?
Kidney stones, known as nephrolithiases, are solid crystals of dissolved minerals which usually pass out through the urine.Â But if they are large they can obstruct the passage of urine and cause pain, bleeding, and infection, and they can seriously damage the kidney.Â Such a condition requires the immediate removal of the kidney stones in a healthcare procedure called nephrolithotomy.Â The kidneys produce urine, which passes out through tubes called ureters into the urinary bladder.Â Kidney stones are usually in the area where the ureter meets the kidney, so they can be removed through an opening at the top of the ureter.Â But sometimes, if there is a lot of damage, all or part of the kidney might have to be removed.Â Â
How Is Nephrolithotomy Performed?
Healthcare providers usually suggest surgical removal of kidney stones through nephrolithotomy when other, non-invasive methods of removal have not worked.Â Stones less than 5 mm in size usually donâ€™t require the procedure.Â Larger stones, on the other hand, often have difficulty and require immediate action.Â Removal of kidney stones is done under general anaesthesia, and an incision is made in the back just below the lowest rib.Â The stones are carefully removed, and the wound is stitched back up.Â In instances that require total kidney removal, the incision is usually made near the stomach on the front side.Â Â
After Removal of Kidney Stones
Healthcare professionals usually discharge nephrolithotomy patients after 10 days of hospital stay.Â The pain and numbness may stay for some time.Â The patient may feel weak for about 2-3 weeks.Â Total recovery takes up to two months.Â Nephrolithotomy is a relatively safe procedure with minimal anticipated complications.Â Most of the problems are temporary and need minimal medical intervention.Â A few cases might require additional surgery.Â One of the biggest threats is the recurrence of kidney stones and healthcare professionals discuss this with patients.Â Dietary changes, exercise, and frequent check-ups are sometimes necessary.