What Is Toe Amputation?
Vascular surgeons usually perform toe amputation surgery on patients with foot infections as a result of diabetes.Â Diabetes can cause hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), and patients with diabetes can develop foot/toe ulcerations.Â Â Diabetes is also a factor in blocked arteries resulting in inadequate blood supply to the foot, which can result in decaying tissue, additional infections, pain, and swelling.Â Toe amputation is considered a minor procedure and ray amputation is a particular form of amputation where a toe and part of the metatarsal bone is removed.Â Where serious infection is present, a forefoot amputation can sometimes be performed to remove more than one toe.Â Â In this procedure all of the toes and the ball of the foot are removed.
Toe Amputation: Surgical procedure
In a toe amputation procedure, the surgeon may leave the amputation wound open if infection is present or too much skin has had to be removed.Â In a ray amputation procedure, the wound is usually left open, and with appropriate healthcare, the wound can heal well over a period of 1-3 months, resulting in a fully functioning leg and foot.Â It is possible to walk normally after toe amputation surgery.
Toe Amputation: Healthcare
Healthcare professionals will treat and advise the patient on medical, therapeutic and psychological problems, post-surgery.Â After toe amputation the patient needs a period of recovery and time to deal with the loss.Â Phantom limb feelings will persist for a few weeks, and stitches are removed after two weeks.Â It may take six months for the wound to heal completely.Â Normal activities can be resumed within three months.