What Is Tympanoplasty?
Most people have suffered from a perforated eardrum at one time or another.Â It can be caused by high air pressure (particularly when traveling on airplanes), too much water in the ear, or damaged caused from using a cotton swab.Â Usually it heals automatically, but sometimes surgery is needed if the ear fails to heal or if it becomes infected by bacteria.Â This healthcare procedure is called Tympanoplasty.Â Â
Tympanoplasty: The Surgery
Using a substance such as Xylocaine, the surgeon will first anaesthetize the eardrum.Â The Xylocaine immediately works upon contact, and the surgeon can begin the operation.Â With the aid of a microscope and a surgical knife, a small, thin piece of tissue will be removed from above the ear, before going into the inner ear.Â Here the eardrum is then lifted up and tissue is grafted underneath it to seal the hole.Â A small amount of spongy material is placed on both sides of the graft for support until it heals.Â Â
Tympanoplasty: Post-operative Care
Some soreness in the jaw is common after a Tympanoplasty.Â To ease the pain and quicken the healing process, healthcare professionals advise that you keep the ear dry and avoid air travel and contact with people who have colds.Â Water in the ear can often cause problems so doctors recommend that you donâ€™t take showers, or even walk in the rain for the first 5-6 days.Â The graft should seal the hole within two weeks.